photo of montessori cultural materials models of people in traditional dress and animals and a world map


The Cultural activities learning area is also known as Understanding Of The World. The Cultural learning area of the curriculum includes:

  • Biology
  • Geography
  • History
  • Science

The teaching is holistic, starting from a general perspective and moving to specific aspects. For example the children are introduced to the solar system and the planets, of which Earth is one and then move on to the geography of the Earth, how it is made of land and water. The continents would come next, followed by specific countries and the cultures of the people that live there.

  • Solar system
  • Earth
  • Land and water
  • Contents
  • Countries
  • Peoples and cultures

Cultural lessons are spread out throughout the year and are a major component of presentations in circle time where the children come together with a teacher. The progress through Cultural subjects forms part of the long term lesson plan for the year.


In biology children learn about their environment through the nature table and the preschool garden. Concepts learned in other learning areas help them to understand nature. We offer children an insight about the sun in relation to plants and animals, farm animals, their families, puzzles, pairing cards, terminology cards, life cycles and natural habitats.

cultural activities with photos of butterfly life cycle matching cards and models and a puzzle
Biology of the butterfly life cycle


​In geography we start from the creation of the earth, solar system, to continents, countries, cities, towns and so on. We celebrate different festivals so that children are aware of other cultures as well. It helps them to understand the similarities and differences between people all around the world.

photo of montessori materials for cultural activities including models of people in traditional dress and animals and a world map
Cultural materials for Geography


​In history we help children to understand the concept of time, for example using an egg timer to measure the passing of time. When celebrating your child’s birthday we play a birthday game. Parents are asked to provide a set of photos describing their child’s life, some start with a CT scan picture! This shows the passage of time in your child’s life.

a photo of materials for cultural activities consisting of a black cloth on the floor with a sun in the center with months of the year written on cards
Months of the year


​​Science with children is done in a fun way, in the form of experiments. It starts with a discussion and leads to an idea. We do simple things like magnets, objects that can float or sink, animate and inanimate objects. Cooking simple foods allows the children to use measurement and follow a recipe (procedure).

a photo materials for cultural activities describing the water cycle displayed as a movable floor activity
Science – water cycle

Cultural events

  • Reading on World Book Day

    Reading on World Book Day

    World book day is a day of celebration for reading books and the impact they can have on children, especially young children. Created in 1995 by The United Nations UNESCO it is now celebrated in over 100 countries. In the preschool we celebrate this special day with reading our favourite books using models of the…

  • Remembrance Day

    Remembrance Day

    The Cultural area of the Montessori curriculum includes the recognition and celebration of cultural events. Remembrance Day in the UK is on the 11th November. It remembers and commemorates people who gave their lives in conflicts. The children often call this day Poppy Day after the symbol of the poppy flower. This photograph shows the…

Similar Posts